Beth-El Baptist Church

07/15/2007

Greg Tomlinson


Who or what is prince of Tyrus?


The description of Tyrus and especially the prince of Tyrus (Ezekiel 28:2) raises a question regarding the identity of the this prince of Tyrus. Before beginning, note that some of the other writings that will be used have time line that can help in understanding. Isaiah wrote from 762 to 680 B.C. Ezekiel wrote from 593-571 B.C. The book of Revelation is dated to be around A.D. 100.


  1. Historically who or what is Tyre (aka Tyrus)?

Joshua 19:24-31 2 Samuel 5:11

1 Kings 5:1-6; 7:13-14


Tyre is a city on the coast within the promised land of Israel. During David's reign, Tyre had its own king who was friendly with David and with Solomon and who provided skillful workers and wood for the temple built by Solomon.


  1. Why is Tyre being written about in Ezekiel?

Ezekiel 26:2-6 cmp 2 Corinthians 11:14-15

Ezekiel 27:2-4 cmp Ezekiel 16:3-14

Ezekiel 27:9-25

Psalm 83:1-8


Apparently Tyre as a whole was pleased with God's executing judgment against the city of Jerusalem. Rather than mourning the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians, those in the city of Tyre rejoiced over her destruction.


  1. What is going to happen to Tyre as a result?

Ezekiel 26:7-14

Ezekiel 26:19-21 cmp Ezekiel 31:14-17

Isaiah 23:1-12


Tyre will be completely destroyed.


Ezekiel 26:15-18 cmp Jonah 3:6-10 cmp Luke 10:18; Revelation 12:9

Ezekiel 27:27-36 cmp Revelation 18:10-19


The nobles shall mourn over her destruction and her loss. It is interesting to compare with Jonah and the nobles of Nineveh who repented over their sins at the proclamation of judgment rather than mourning over their own loss of business. It is also a parallel with the mourning over the destruction of Babylon. The mourning is over the loss of economic benefits rather than over the sins of a people and a nation.


  1. With all of this as background, who or what is the prince of Tyrus?

Ezekiel 28:2-6 cmp Isaiah 14:13-14 cmp Ezekiel 31:10

Ezekiel 28:7-10 cmp Isaiah 14:15-17 cmp Ezekiel 31:11-18

Ezekiel 28:12-19 cmp Isaiah 14:12 cmp Ezekiel 31:2-9


Psalm 109:6 John 12:31; 14:30; 16:11 Ephesians 2:2


The prince of Tyrus is a personification of Satan himself. It is also used of Egypt and Babylon when describing its fall. Just as the prince of Tyrus, the king of Tyrus, the prince of Egypt are rulers, so is Satan, for he is the prince of this world, and the prince of the power of the air.


Summary:


By looking at several scriptures, the parallels that can be seen between Babylon (Isaiah 14, Revelation 18), Egypt (Ezekiel 31) and Tyrus or Tyre (Ezekiel 26-28) are tremendous. Each of these cities are identified as being at their height of world power in regards to their economic prowess. As a result of their worldliness, their destruction is met with mourning by those who prospered from conducting business with them. Their power is identified as being driven by their prince, king or ruler. This ruler is clearly identified as having been in the garden of Eden at the beginning. He is also called by the name of Lucifer. The real power of worldliness and a single mind toward business and making money is none other than Satan, the Devil, the Serpent of old who tempted Eve which led to sin entering into the world.

The Christian can be comforted to know that Satan will fall. He will be ultimately and permanently destroyed and at his destruction will those of the world mourn over losing him. They will not mourn over their sin but they will mourn over the loss of economic power.